Poetry Kaleidoscope: Guide to Poetry
были́на, also Byliny and
Stariny) is a traditional
heroic narrative poetry of early East
Kievan Rus, the tradition continued in
Bylina comes from the Russian "byl'" (быль), a word which signifies a story
of real events, as opposed to a fictional one.
Bylinas are kind of poetry without
verse), but with a characteristic rhythm, a kind of
Most of bylinas were preserved in northern regions of Russia, and their style
was imitated by several famous Russian poets.
There are quite a few bylina cycles. Bylinas may be roughly classified into
the following series:
- Of the older heroes (Volga Vseslavich, Mikula Selianinovich, Sviatogor)
- Of Vladimir, prince of
Kiev, tales of
the Golden Age of Kiev, of
Kievan Rus'. Here belongs the
Alyosha Popovich and
Dobrynya Nikitich cycle, being among the most popular ones.
Sadko the merchant)
- Of Moscow (of
Ivan the Terrible)
- Of the Ukrainian
Ukrainian language, of invasions of
- Of cossack insurgents (Stenka
Peter the Great
Bylina - an airline based in Russia
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