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Poetry in rhyming couplets is one of the simplest rhyme schemes:
aa bb cc dd ee ff... etc.
I THINK that I shall never see a A poem as lovely as a tree. a
A tree whose hungry mouth is prest b Against the sweet earth's flowing breast; b
This scheme was used in Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales in the 14th century and became popular again in the eighteenth century with poets such as Dryden and Alexander Pope. Kurals, which form a subclass of the Venpa class of Tamil poetry, are couplets. Tirukkural is a popular book written in Kural Venpa form. Couplets with a meter of iambic pentameter are called heroic couplets.
Couplets can also play a role in more complex rhyme schemes. For example, Shakespearean sonnets end with a couplet.