Poetry Kaleidoscope: Guide to Poetry

Vedic meter

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The verses of the Vedas have a variety of different meters. They are divided by number of padas in a verse, and by the number of syllables in a pada. Chandas, the study of Vedic meter, is one of the six Vedanga disciplines.

  • jágatī: 4 padas of 12 syllables
  • triṣṭubh: 4 padas of 11 syllables
  • virāj: 4 padas of 10 syllables
  • anuṣṭubh: 4 padas of 8 syllables, this is the typical shloka of later Hindu poetry
  • gāyatrī: 3 padas of 8 syllables


  • B. van Nooten und G. Holland, Rig Veda, a metrically restored text, Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England, 1994.

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