Apostrophe Usage Made Simple


According to one of my previous articles, whenever a Southernersays "Y'all watch this," get out of the way because those areprobably the last words he will ever say.

Well, I'm a Southerner. I used to live in the southeasternUnited States, but I moved to the southeast of China. And, I'mabout to say the magic words:

Y'all watch this.

The word is "week." If I want to talk about more than one week,like what I wrote a few weeks ago, I'll use weeks. No apostrophe.If I want to talk about something belonging to a week, such as"last week's newsletter," I'll use an apostrophe.

That's the rule. If it's a noun, s makes it plural andapostrophe-s makes it possessive. It's just that simple.

If I were still in the US, and I wanted one of those fancycarved signs that are so common on southern lawns, it would notread "The LaRocca's." The LaRocca's what? His lawn? His sign?That apostrophe makes it singular possessive, so The LaRocca(one person) is surely claiming ownership of something. If thatwasn't his intent, and he whacked in an apostrophe anyway, he'san idiot.

What about plural possessive? Is it "the LaRoccas' house" or"the LaRoccas's house?" Well, it's neither, since my wife isn'ta LaRocca and we don't own a house. But for the sake of thisarticle, pretend she is and we do.

In ON WRITING, Stephen King swears it's LaRoccas's. When I was astudent, my teachers swore it was LaRoccas'. As an editor, I'veheard the first was US standard and the second was UK standard.And the answer is, I don't care. Just be consistent.

I once met an editor who said that the spelling determinespronunciation. She's an idiot. Spelling isn't all pronunciation.It's also history. I'll say LaRoccas-zz whether it's LaRoccas' orLaRoccas's. So will you.

Jump up five paragraphs and read the seventh word. Noun. Notethat I didn't write pronoun. Just for fun, the rule for pronounsand apostrophes is completely different.

It's is a contraction for "it is" and its is possessive. Who'sis a contraction for "who is" and whose is possessive. There'sis a contraction for "there is" and theirs is possessive. Etc.Possessive pronouns never use apostrophes. Its, whose, your,yours, their, theirs...

And there you have it. Apostrophe usage made simple.

Copyright 2005, Michael LaRocca

Michael LaRocca's website at http://www.chinarice.org waschosen by WRITER'S DIGEST as one of The 101 Best WebsitesFor Writers in 2001 and 2002. His response was to throw itout and start over again because he's insane. He teachesEnglish at a university in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province,China, and publishes the free weekly newsletter WHO MOVEDMY RICE?


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